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Pushing the Limits

June 5, 2019

If your riding buddies think they can keep up with you when you ride the Niken GT in the rain, you might want to warn them not to try.

Story by: Costa Mouzouris

Photos by: Joseph Augustin

If you’re an experienced rider like me and get more satisfaction from motorcycles than any other type of vehicle, you probably looked at the 2019 Yamaha Niken GT and wondered: “Why? What’s the point of a leaning three-wheeler when two-wheelers have been leaning successfully for more than a century?”

I had no idea what to expect when I arrived in California for the North American launch of Yamaha’s new “leaning multi-wheel motorcycle.” I had no clue about whether I had to steer in the direction of a turn like on a conventional three-wheeler (for example, Can-Am’s Spyder or Harley’s Trike) or if I had to countersteer into turns like on a conventional motorcycle.

Well, I won’t keep you guessing and address that one right now: the Niken leans, steers and feels just like a motorcycle. You therefore must be versed in the operation of a motorbike to ride it. You have to push on the same side of the handlebar as the direction in which you wish to turn – you want to turn right, push on the right handlebar. The Niken leans as freely as a bike and will fall over if you neglect to put a foot down at a stop. If you were to sit on a Niken with your view of the front wheels masked (otherwise, you can see them if you lean your head a bit to either side) and ride away, you would take some time to figure out there was something different about it — if you’d even pick up on that at all. For the most part, the Niken rides like a motorcycle except for a couple of distinct, yet subtle differences – and one really big one.

Ties to the Tracer 900

2019_Yamaha_Niken_GT-Action_Costa-08037The Niken shares its 847 cc inline-triple with Yamaha’s Tracer 900, but with a slightly heavier crankshaft, and transmission gears made from more robust steel. Yamaha Canada does not publish horsepower numbers, but in Europe the Niken claims 113 horsepower and the same 64.3 ft-lb of torque as the North American model, so the horsepower figures should be pretty close.

If you look at the Niken’s spec sheet, you’ll see numbers that are much like those of a motorcycle. Chassis geometry is aggressive by two-wheel standards, with a steep rake angle of 20 degrees, trail at 74 mm and a wheelbase of 1,510 mm. The only motorcycle that comes to memory that had a rake almost as steep as the Niken’s is the Buell Firebolt’s, at 21 degrees. The wheelbase is only 10 mm longer than the Tracer 900’s. The only spec that’s outstanding is the Niken’s front wheel’s track, at 410 mm, which is the width between the front wheel centres. That last spec is significant because it is what legally distinguishes the Niken from other three-wheelers for licensing purposes: because it’s less than 465 mm, the Niken isn’t classified as a three-wheeler, and therefore requires a motorcycle licence to operate.

The riding position is naked-bike upright, with a relaxed reach to the foot pegs and a broad, cushy seat. The riding position and seat proved remarkably comfortable after two days of riding, and the seat, in fact, is one of the better perches I’ve sat on recently. Seat height is 15 mm lower than the Tracer 900’s, at 835 mm, and fuel capacity is 18 litres. Claimed wet weight is 267 kg, or 40 kg more than the Tracer 900 GT’s.

A Long-Distance Runner

2019_Yamaha_Niken_GT-Static-2Yamaha touts the Niken GT as a sport tourer, so it includes some touring amenities, such as a tall windscreen; a pair of quick-release, 25-litre semi-hard saddlebags with waterproof liners; heated grips; and two 12-volt accessory outlets, one mounted by the instrument panel in the fairing and the other mounted on the left side of the bike above the passenger foot peg.

ABS and two-level traction control are standard, as are three ride modes that adjust throttle response. I had two issues with the Niken, one of which was abrupt throttle response in the most aggressive Mode A, although switching to the softer Mode B easily cured that. My second gripe is that you must use two buttons to set the heat level for the grips. A button located on the forward-facing side of the left switch assembly calls up the grip heat menu in the instrument display, then a thumb-adjusted rocker switch turns on the heat and you select one of three levels of heat. A single button could do all the work.

The Niken GT also has an electric quick shifter, although it only works on the upshift and only above 4,000 rpm. The bike shifted smoother when using the clutch, so I resorted to using the quick shifter only when riding at an elevated pace.

That Third Wheel

2019_Yamaha_Niken_GT-Chasis_Static-1One of the Niken’s more subtle traits is the lack of any jarring jolts coming through the handlebar when hitting bumps. This is because the handlebar pivots on the frame (just like on Honda’s new Gold Wing) and connects to the front wheels (or wheel, in the Gold Wing’s case) via linkages. This feature isolates the Niken’s handlebar from road irregularities while providing ample feedback when steering and requires an appropriate, motorcycle-like amount of effort to steer – unlike non-leaning three-wheelers, which require near-Herculean strength.

Another subtle trait is that while the Niken flicks easily from side to side at lower speeds, the effort to do so increases exponentially as speed increases. I attribute this to countering the gyroscopic effect of three wheels instead of two. There’s also a very minute lag between what you input at the handlebar and what the bike does, although the lag is negligible; I’ve ridden cruisers that reacted much slower.

Then there’s that one, not so subtle trait: “Man, can this thing turn!” I did things to test the Niken’s aptitude to change direction that would have had a conventional bike bucking me off the…

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